Rose Pruning Tips

If you have not pruned your roses or deciduous fruit trees there is still time.  Pruning is essential, especially for your roses and deciduous fruit trees.

About Pruning

Pruning is a rejuvenation process and since roses produce their blooms on new growth it is logical that the more new growth a rose has the more flowers the plant will produce.  Pruning helps remove old canes and forces the rose to send out new healthy canes which in turn will produce more flowers.

I have included a few photos of properly pruned roses.  As one can see it is pretty severe.  The center should be pruned out to provide more sunlight for the rose bush.  Any cross branching should be removed.  Any damaged or sickly canes should be removed.  An ideal size for the canes should be 15″ to 18″ tall.  Now this is for Hybrid tea and Floribunda bushes.  The rose ground cover (carpet roses), climbers and tree roses are different in that there is no height ideal for the pruned canes.  But with all roses opening up the center and removing damaged or sickly canes is a must.  After the pruning has been accomplished it is the perfect time to apply organic dormant oil to the roses.  This will help minimize any over-wintering insect populations that may be hibernating in any crevices on the plant.  I would recommend applying the dormant oil every 2 weeks until the new buds start to really emerge.

The fruit trees are similar but depending on the variety of fruit tree excessive pruning is not ideal.  One always wants to check for damaged branches or sickly branches and remove those.  Also any cross branching to help with competition between branches for sunlight.  Also, tipping back (slightly pruning) some of the branches will help with girth of the braches to help support the weight of the fruit in the summer time.  It is also a great time to apply dormant spray to help with any existing hibernating insects.

Lastly, now is the best time to find quality rose and deciduous fruit trees.  They are sold as “bare-root” meaning they are not in buckets with soil but the barren roots.  This makes it easier to plant and they are more economical for purchase.  Right now is the ideal time for planting since the soils are moist and their little roots can get a jump on sending out the new feeder and anchoring roots.  As soon as the soil temperatures warm up the roots will have already grown into the existing soil beyond the planting hole and the plants will be ready to send out their beautiful flushes of flowers and new growth.

I hope this is helpful information.

Best regards,

Michael Moore, owner

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Of course, you could always hire MASTERPIECE GARDENS to prune your roses and deciduous trees.

Call (650) 361-1414 or e-mail info@masterpiecegarden.com to setup an appointment.

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